Secondary Invasion and Reinvasion after Russian-Olive Removal and Revegetation


Erin K. Espeland, Jennifer M. Muscha, Joseph Scianna, Robert Kilian, Natalie M. West, and Mark K. Petersen. Invasive Plant Science and Management October-December 2017 Vol. 10, No0. 4: 340-349.

Cut-stump application of triclopyr provided 96% control of Russian olive the year following treatment.  Seeded native species did not have trouble establishing once adequate spring moisture occurred in the second growing season after Russian-olive removal, indicating that removal did not present substantial obstacles to successful revegetation. Follow-up control of Russian-olive is critical after initial treatment. [ READ FULL ABSTRACT. ]

Forest Roads Facilitate the Spread of Invasive Plants

Photo by Chuck Bargeron, University of Georgia,

Photo by Chuck Bargeron, University of Georgia,

David A. Mortensen and others. Invasive Plant Science and Management 2(3):191-199.

This large-scale survey highlights the importance of roads in predicting the presence of invasive plants, also revealing that one invasive plant, Japanese stiltgrass (Microstegium vimineum), has spread rapidly since its introduction. READ FULL ABSTRACT HERE 

Plains Cottonwood’s Last Stand: Can It Survive Invasion of Russian Olive onto the Milk River, Montana Floodplain?

Pearce and Smith. 2001. Environmental Management Vol. 28, No. 5, pp. 623–637

The eventual replacement of native plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides) forests by Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is a serious threat to biodiversity on floodplains in western North America. Low palatability  of Russian olive saplings and trees, easily dispersed seed, and three-year seed viability give Russian olive a competitive advantage over native woody riparian plants. Read entire article here.

Propagule pressure and environmental conditions interact to determine establishment success of an invasive plant species, glossy buckthorn (Frangula alnus), across five different wetland habitat types

Berg, J.A., Meyer, G.A. & Young, E.B. Biol Invasions (2016) 18: 1363. Brief Abstract.


Many invasive plant species are able to establish within a wide range of community types. This study aimed to investigate interactions between propagule pressure and environmental resistance to seedling recruitment of the invasive shrub, glossy buckthorn (Frangula alnus Mill.), over a range of wetland habitat types. Results showed that drier habitats supported more woody species and provided more raised hummock surfaces essential for successful buckthorn recruitment and establishment; and provides empirical evidence that environmental resistance can be overcome by higher propagule pressure.


Revegetation 4 Years After Russian Olive Removal Along the Yellowstone River in Eastern Montana

By: J. M. Muscha, M. K. Petersen,   R. W. Kilian, J. D. Scianna, and E. K. Espeland


Many riparian areas along the Yellowstone River and other rivers in the West have converted to dense Russian olive stands, reducing agricultural and ecological value of these lands.  A study was initiated in 2010 along the Yellowstone River in Montana to determine if restoration was necessary following Russian olive removal, and then establish the effectiveness of four restoration strategies.  Results of the study after four years indicate that herbaceous seeding with planted shrubs had the lowest cover of invasive annual grass.  Native species are continuing to establish at the site, and seeded herbaceous species cover is continuing to increase over time. 


Autumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) Presence and Proliferation on Former Surface Coal Mines in Eastern USA.

By: Oliphant, A.J., Wynne, R.H., Zipper, C.E. et al. Biol Invasions (2017) 19: 179. doi:10.1007/s10530-016-1271-62017.

Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata)

Autumn olive
(Elaeagnus umbellata)

The invasive shrub autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) occurs on former surface coal mines in the Appalachian Mountains interfering with ecosystem recovery by outcompeting native trees.  Results showed that autumn olive could be mapped using Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager imagery.  READ THE FULL ABSTRACT.  

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Cattle Grazing Effects on Phragmites australis in Nebraska


Authors: Jerry D. Volesky, Stephen L. Young, and Karla H. Jenkins (2016) Invasive Plant Science and Management: April-June 2016, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 121-127.
Phragmites australis (common reed) is a widely established invasive plant in wetlands and riparian areas. A three-year study was initiated in Nebraska to evaluate targeted cattle grazing, herbicide effects, and the nutritive value of this species. Results suggest that cattle will utilize Phragmites, and the cumulative effect of grazing has the potential to reduce P. australis populations. However, other methods would have to be used for greater control and site restoration. READ FULL PAPER.